The City of Light, the City of Good Neighbors, the Queen City, the City of No Illusions. Buffalo has many nicknames and many places to visit. This guide is here to help familiarize you with all that Buffalo & Western New York has to offer. Each tab has a drop down list that helps to break the information up into popular subjects. Due to Buffalo's proximity to Canada, some Canadian sites are listed. Remember, we are more than just the Buffalo Bills, Niagara Falls and chicken wings!
The Buffalo Dialect
Interesting Facts: Buffalo
- During the War of 1812, British troops burned Buffalo to the ground.
- Buffalo is known for welcoming architects like Frank Lloyd Wright and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted.
- The city also has a reputation for extraordinary Art Deco architecture. The 1928 Buffalo City Hall building is not only a masterpiece of the style, it is one of the tallest city halls in the nation.
- Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner Calvert Vaux designed Buffalo's original park system in 1868. The first of its kind, the system of parks, circles, and connecting parkways not only brought Olmsted deserved fame, but also set the standard for urban park planning for the rest of the nation. Olmsted's park system is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Buffalo was the first city in the U.S. to have electric street lights.
- The modern windshield wiper was invented in Buffalo.
- The "Great Race" of 1908 was one by Buffalonian Thomas Schuster (click link for article PDF) who drove his Thomas Flyer 22,000 miles in 169 days. The record still stands!
- Central Terminal was featured on The SciFi channel's Ghost Hunters.
- Buffalo's sister cities are: Dortmund (Germany), Kanazawa (Japan), Lille (France), Rzeszow (Poland), Siena and Torremaggiore (Italy), Tver (Russia), Drohobych (Ukraine).
- The Buffalo Bills have the dubious distinction of losing the most consecutive Super Bowls – four (1990 to 1993). Neverthless, no other team in NFL history (before or since) ever had the skill and perseverance to make it to four consecutive Super Bowls.
Interesting Facts: Niagara Falls
- Niagara Falls is located 23 miles northwest of Buffalo, New York and 79 miles southeast of Toronto, Ontario.
- Three waterfalls comprise the Niagara Falls: American (Rainbow), Luna (Bridal Vei), and Horseshoe (Canadian Falls).
- Today 50% of the Niagara River never makes it to the Falls. It is diverted for power. This percentage increases to 75% at night and in the winter months.
- The Niagara River is not a river. It is a strait!
- Only three living things have been seen to go over the Falls safely without special protection – a dog over the American Falls in the 1800s; a boy in 1960, and a man in 2009 over the Horseshoe Falls.
- Approximately 20 million people visit the Falls annually.
- Fort Niagara, a pre-colonial fort, is the scene of frequent historical reenactments of 18th century battles that took place on the site. The flags of three nations have flown on the site: France, Britain, United States.
Interesting Facts: WNY
- The highest waterfall in New York State is located in Letchworth State Park
- Renowned as the "Grand Canyon of the East," Letchworth State Park, is one of the most scenically magnificent areas in the eastern U.S.
- On September 13, 1971 the riots at the Attica Correctional Facility, a maximum security prison located in western New York, ended. This was the bloodiest prison confrontation in American history.